The textile industry of India is vast and stands in the second position for the largest textile manufacturer in the world. If you talk about material segment-wise, for cotton and silk India is also the second-largest producer in the world.
Along with being the second-largest textile manufacturer, the Indian textile industry also provides 60% employment to the economy. The textile industry in India manufactures all types of fabrics while the maximum fabric produces are cotton, silk, wool and, man-made materials.
On the basis of fabrics manufactured in the Textile industry of India, it is divided into two main parts. They are natural fabrics and artificial fabrics. Natural fabrics like cotton, jute, silk, etc are produced using animal-based, plant-based, and mineral-based sources whereas artificial fabrics like rayon, polyester, nylon, etc are made of synthetic sources.
Quickly moving towards the actual process in which the textile industry of India works. The various types of fabric have various types of manufacturing process. The traditional textile manufacturing process includes converting natural fibers into products like fabrics, clothing, home supplies, etc.
A particular fabric may have many methods to manufacture it. Such as knitted types of fabrics are manufactured using both yarn and fabric manufacturing process.
The basic process of the textile industry of India is divided into various steps such as spinning, weaving, dyeing, printing, and garment manufacturing.
While there are three textile manufacturing process namely yarn manufacturing, fabric manufacturing, garment manufacturing, and technical textile.
- Yarn Manufacturing
The fiber is converted into yarn under the yarn manufacturing process. This is used for natural fabrics which are made from animal-based and plant-based because these materials have impurities in them and the process of yarn manufacturing removes them. The process of spinning is included under this.
Conventional fabrics like woven, knitted are made with the help of yarn manufacturing process. The fibers are first converted into yarn and then the yarn is turned into fabrics. Cotton, nylon, woolen, and polyester are made from yarn.
- Fabric Manufacturing
The fabric manufacturing process has various types of techniques such as weaving, tufting, bonding, knitting. The weaving method is highly used in fabrics manufacturing.
Fabrics manufactured using this process are satin, twill, plain, dobby, gauze, jacquard, and pile. Knitted fabrics are highly produced using the fabric manufacturing process.
- Garment manufacturing
Garment design is an art and manufacturing is the technology and its combination forms garment manufacturing. Several advancements have been seen in garment manufacturing such as designing technology, computer-aided manufacturing, and other developments.
Material designing and selection are very important for garment manufacturing; another thing that is important for garment manufacturing is the quality of the fabric.
The older method of garment manufacturing that is to cut the fabric and then sew it together is still in use. Now the machines to sew the fabrics together have developed.
- Technical textile